Black Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus velutina

Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

  • Oaks are often divided into the White and Red Oak groupings, each with distinct differences; black oaks fall into the red oak group and can grow to 90 feet in height
  • Elliptical-shaped leaves up to 8 inches long and 5 inches wide have 5-7 bristle tipped lobes
  • Young bark is usually smooth becoming thick with broad ridges separated by deep irregular fissures as it ages; a dark, blackish color also develops over time
  • Differences in acorns and their corresponding “caps” help identify various oaks; black oaks have a ¾ inch nut, half of which is encased by a scaly, bowl-shaped cup
  • Oaks are the most widely used hardwood in America and black oak lumber is used in flooring, furniture, railroad cross ties, mine timbers, pallets and many other products

Fun Fact: Black oaks have an orange colored inner bark used to make a natural dye called quercitron, first discovered in England around 1785.


Big Tree Tour on Terry Trail

  • TREE #10 = 29 inch diameter
  • TREE #15 = 29 inch diameter
  • TREE #19 = 29 inch diameter
  • TREE #45 = 29 inch diameter
  • TREE #31 = 33 inch diameter
  • TREE #47 = 30 inch diameter

Continue the Tree Tour!

This tour was created in partnership with:
Land Trust of North Alabama
Society of American Foresters – Mountain Lakes Chapter
U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station
Alabama A&M Forestry & Ecology Center